Solomon son of Abdul-Malik' entrusted his cousin to the succession's charge of Muslims
He was 'Omar son of Abdul-Aziz' the fifth noble successor
'Omar' decided penance for all the decay which the monarchy commited
He himself was living in observance, and modesty with his family
He didnot wheel around for the poets and the elocutionists but was near to religious scholars
He took possession from ruler of Egypt tax when he drained the resources, stopped taxes for a year, which made a lot of copts enter Islam for his justice.
He knit peace with the foreign states , and encouraged non- Muslims to embrace Islam.
When his workmen complained from that , this will pierce the budget of the countries, he said:
' I sware , I like all of people embrace Islam, and we eat from the oil cake of our hands'
When some of his counselors wanted to stop conversion to Islam by ordering circumcision, Omar ordered them renunciation from the circumcision.
Before 'Omar' , the reins of government came by the inheritance,
But in the beginning of his rule, he announced publicely
' Indeed I have excused you from my ruling, and you are free to elect a successor you want'
And he didn't hold his rule until people disclosed their approval
He also returned the territories and properties taken away by force, what led to slope of his annual income from 50.000 dinar to 200 only!.
He forbid his clan to take from the money of the treasure house , even the succession wage!.
Then he directed his attention to the regime, deposing the oppressor rulers, abandoning nonsense fees without a right, including watering fee.
He gave back the non- muslims their temples, and territories, stopped all sins like drinking wine.
One of the tellers said:
That the people while meeting at era of ruler 'Al-Waleed' were asking each other about the mason, manufactories, and gardens
And in ' Suliman' convention they asked each other about slave women
But when 'Omar' was the ruler, men were asking:
What are you going to say to praise God?
How much of Quran' do you know?
How much you read from it?
When do you fast?